As we all know, fiber laser has become one of the world's major industrial lasers. Compared to semiconductor lasers, solid-state lasers and CO2 lasers, fiber lasers have a global market share of more than 50%.
Previously, punching and plasma cutting were mainly used in the field of sheet metal processing, in which thin sheets were punched and thick sheets were ion-cut. However, with the continuous development of fiber laser technology, fiber laser cutting has a huge impact on traditional processing technology and CO2 laser processing.
Compared with traditional punching processing, fiber laser is non-contact processing, which produces less stress and low noise. It can completely process high-reflective materials such as aluminum and copper. Compared with CO2 laser processing, optical laser conversion of fiber laser The efficiency reaches 40%, the power consumption is only 1/3 of the CO2 laser, and the processing speed is increased by 2~3 times.
In just 5-6 years, fiber lasers have revolutionized the technology of laser cutting with various technological advantages. Nowadays, the demand for fiber lasers is increasing, and the application fields are beginning to penetrate into the basic fields of automobiles, ships, aerospace and other fields.
At present, the competition in the domestic fiber laser market has become fierce. Foreign brands such as IPG, Luofen, Enna, Jenner and SPI still occupy most of the domestic market share, roughly estimating sales of about 3 billion RMB, occupying domestic fiber lasers. Two-thirds of the market, including IPG, exceeds $2.4 billion. Although IPG's market share of high-power fiber lasers in the world is still in an absolute leading position, in the future, it will definitely not be an IPG monopoly, because other laser industry giants have successfully entered the field of fiber lasers by acquiring some fiber laser companies. .
In 2016, Coherent acquired ROFIN, a high-performance industrial laser source and laser solution and device manufacturer. ROFIN previously acquired Nufern, a US specialty fiber manufacturer, DILAS, a semiconductor laser manufacturer, and Optoskand, a company specializing in fiber optics in Sweden. It can be seen that through mergers and acquisitions, Coherent has formed a good vertical integration capability.
In addition, Germany TRUMPF acquired British fiber laser manufacturer SPI, UK JK Laser Company, successfully entered the field of high-power fiber laser; JDSU cooperated with Japanese metal processing machine manufacturer Amada to develop fiber laser with power up to 4kW; Acquisition of Finnish specialty fiber manufacturer LIEKKI. It can be foreseen that the competition in the high-power fiber laser industry is intensifying.
China is the world's largest industrial laser market, accounting for 24% of the global market. Not only foreign companies have made China an important strategic market, but also local companies have accumulated a lot of progress, and the localization process has accelerated. There are more than 20 local and large-scale brands. In the fierce competition with foreign brands, we continue to innovate and break through, find suitable market segments and seek to continue to develop. However, we still need to be soberly aware that from the perspective of the production capacity and market share of fiber lasers, China has made major breakthroughs in scale, but the quality of domestic fiber lasers still has a large gap compared with similar foreign products. At the same time, 80% of high-power fiber lasers need to rely on imports. The research and development strength of universities and research institutes is strong. How to seamlessly link scientific research results with enterprise production is a question worth pondering.