The textile industry in China is an industry with a high degree of labor intensity and a large degree of dependence on foreign countries. China is the world's largest producer and exporter of textiles and garments. The sustained and steady growth of textile and apparel exports is crucial to ensuring China's foreign exchange reserves, balance of payments, stability of the RMB exchange rate, social employment and sustainable development of the textile industry.
First, the development of the textile industry
China's textile industry is still at the primary stage of industrial development--the stage of production factor orientation. At this stage, industrial development mainly relies on the advantages of production factors, which is easy to highlight industrial achievements, but it is also very fragile. The reduction or relative reduction of the comparative advantages of production factors can easily bring heavy losses to industrial development. This has forced China's textile industry to accelerate the development of a growth model that relies mainly on the number of production factors and low-cost, mainly relying on quality improvement, and actively carry out institutional reforms to substantially improve the efficiency of resource allocation.
The development of the textile industry should pay more attention to efficiency, and labor productivity has become a more important issue for the development of the industry. In view of the characteristics of the industry development and the problems encountered, the first is to improve the efficiency of technology, especially the industrial chain technology. The second is low-carbon environmental protection, focusing on energy conservation and emission reduction, and protecting the environment. In the next few years, low-carbon environmental protection will deeply affect the production methods of enterprises and people's lifestyles. We must turn environmental protection and low-carbon into practical actions. We can't just shout slogans. Now some companies have done a good job in this area, such as An Lifang. The industrial park established in Shandong is an energy-saving and environmentally-friendly green plant. Its refrigeration and heating system utilizes land thermal energy renewable resources, and adopts the “ground source heat pump central air-conditioning system” promoted by the state, saving more than 70%, which is more efficient than traditional air-conditioning system. It is more than 40% higher, and it can also reduce emissions of atmospheric pollutants such as carbon dioxide.
In addition to grasping the two basic points of technological upgrading and environmental protection, we must also guide the improvement of product design and development capabilities, in-depth study of international and domestic fashion trends, put design innovation into practice, and at the same time inject cultural connotation, completely get rid of "first-class equipment, second-rate design, The embarrassing situation of third-rate products. The 12th Five-Year Plan puts forward higher requirements for the development of the textile industry. The growth of quantity will no longer be our focus. We must pay attention to the improvement of soft power and create a new era of textile.
In the past, textiles were more associated with technology or products. In order to meet the advent of the textile era, not only must we have good technical products, environmental protection awareness, high labor productivity, but also need to consider establishing industry standards and conducting fashion trends and colors. Research, branding, etc.